DMV - New driver license in New York
Application for a driver鈥檚 license in New York
New Drivers: How to Get Your Driver License
The process to apply for a non-commercial driver license in NYS includes the following steps:
路 Apply for a learner permit. Pay the application fee and the driver license fee.
路 Pass the vision test and the written test. Receive your permit.
路 Practice for your road test.
路 Take a driver education course or a DMV-approved pre-licensing course.
路 Use your driver education certificate or pre-licensing course certificate to make an appointment for your road test by phone or on-line.
路 Pass your road test and receive your NYS driver license.
路 You can download form CCRP-1 (Original Driver License). The form includes a summary of the complete process that is explained below. Use form CCRP-1 to make sure that you have the documents and the forms that you need to apply for your driver license.
What You Need to Know to Apply for a Learner Permit:
You must be 16 years of age or older to apply for a learner permit. If you are under the age of 18, your parent or your legal guardian must sign the consent section of your form MV-44 (Driver License Application). Your parent or legal guardian can sign the form before you bring it to a DMV office. Your parent or legal guardian is not required to go to the DMV office with you to sign form MV-44. You do not require consent if you are age 17 and you have form MV-285 (Driver Education Student Certificate of Completion).
Study the New York State Driver's Manual. You can read the Driver's Manual on-line and take practice quizzes, or you can get a Driver's Manual from your local DMV office or DMV Call Center. Part Two and Part Three of the Driver's Manual contain the information you must know to pass the written test to get a learner permit. You are not required to take the written test if you have form MV-285 (Driver Education Student Certificate of Completion).
You must have proof of identity. The proof must have a total value of at least six points and must prove your date of birth. If you do not have 6 points of proof of identity, your parent or your legal guardian can complete form MV-45 at a DMV office and show proof of identity.
You must show your Social Security card. If you are not eligible for a Social Security Number, you must get a letter from the Social Security Administration that indicates that you are not eligible for a Social Security Number. You must show the letter to the DMV.
When You Apply for a Learner Permit:
Complete form MV-44 (Driver License Application). Take the form and your proofs of identity and date of birth to a local DMV office. Take a vision test at the DMV office, or bring a valid form MV-619 (Eye Test Report) completed by an eye-care professional. If the form MV-619 has a print date of 9/03 or earlier, the form is valid for 6 months after the date of the eye test. If the form has a print date of 3/04 or later, the eye-care professional marks a box on the form to indicate if the form is valid for 6 months or for 12 months after the date of the eye test. Bring cash, a personal check or a credit card to pay the application fee and the driver license fee. See the driver license fee schedule to determine your fee.
Take the written permit test. An appointment is not required, but you must arrive at the DMV office at least one-half hour before the office closing time. On a day when the office has late hours to 6 p.m. or later, you must arrive at least one hour before the closing time. The written test for a commercial learner permit (CDL) is given during specific hours. Contact your local DMV office to determine when the test is given. To pass the
test, you must give the correct answers to at least 14 of the 20 multiple-choice questions, which includes the correct answers to at least two of the four questions about road signs.
If you do not pass the written test for a non-CDL class license (class D, DJ, E, M, or MJ), you can take the written test again any number of times without a limit. For the non-CDL license classes, you do not pay additional fees to take the test more than one time. If you do not pass, the DMV recommends that you study the Driver's Manual and take the test on another day. If you pass the test, the DMV issues you a learner permit valid for approximately 5 years. The exact expiration date depends on your date of birth and the date that you applied for the permit.
You are not required to take the written test if you have form MV-285 (Driver Education Student Certificate of Completion).
Read the DMV brochure, Learner Permits and Junior Licenses, to learn about the restricted driving privileges for learner permits and junior licenses.
When You Have Your Permit:
Practice frequently. The DMV recommends that you practice at least 30 hours for your road test. Practice at least 10 hours in medium to high volume traffic. You can practice with a driver who has enough driving experience, but the DMV recommends that you take professional driving lessons. Most new drivers fail their road test because they were not prepared.
Attend a mandatory pre-licensing course or complete a high school or college driver education course. Most commercial driving schools licensed by the DMV offer the DMV-approved pre-licensing course. Look in the telephone directory under "Driving Instruction."
When you complete the course, you receive a pre-licensing course certificate (MV-278). You must provide the certificate number when you schedule your road test. You must also show the certificate to the road test examiner on the day of your road test.
Only students who complete a high school or college driver education course approved by the NYS Education Department (NYSED) receive an MV-285 student certificate. (This certificate was called a "blue card" in the past.) You do not receive an MV-285 if you complete the pre-licensing course. The DMV does not provide a list of approved driver education courses. Contact your school or the NYSED.
Schedule a Road Test. Make an appointment for a road test by phone or schedule a road test on-line. The test date is normally from three to ten weeks after the date that you make the appointment. The time between an appointment and the road test is normally longer in the summer.
Before you take your road test, read the DMV brochure, Road Test Tips.
After your road test, the examiner will inform you of the results. If you did not pass, you can schedule another road test. If you do not pass the second road test, you must pay a $10 fee to take a maximum of two more road tests.
You can renew a learner permit if:
路 You passed the written test in the last two years, and
路 Your permit expired in the last 30 days.
路 Because learner permits are normally issued for 5 years, most new drivers never renew their learner permits.
After Your Road Test:
Learn what to do after your road test.
How to Change Your Class DJ Junior License to a Class D Senior License with Driver Education
If you have a Class DJ junior license, and you complete a high school or college driver education course, you can change your Class DJ junior license to a Class D senior license when you are 17 years old.
To change the class of your driver license, you must have a driver education certificate (MV-285) issued from a DMV-approved driver education program. You cannot use another certificate.
If you do not have an MV-285, the DMV automatically changes your driver license from Class DJ to Class D on your 18th birthday. The DMV automatically mails you a new driver license that indicates "Class D". You will not get this document faster if you visit a DMV office.
On your 18th birthday, your driver record indicates that you are a Class D driver. There is no need to wait until you have your new Class D driver license before you drive as a senior driver. You can drive as a senior driver on your 18th birthday.
Give your driver education certificate (MV-285) to the DMV examiner after your road test. The DMV will update your driver record and will automatically issue a Class D photo driver license on your 17th birthday. You will receive the new driver license in the mail. There is no fee when you change the class of your driver license by this method.
Your driver license record will show that you are a Class D driver. You do not need to have your Class D document to drive as a senior license driver. You can drive on your 17th birthday.
Note: If your 17th birthday occurs on a weekend or a state holiday, your record is updated and your Class D driver license is issued on the next business day.
If you did not give your MV-285 certificate to the DMV examiner, you must go to a DMV office. Bring your Class DJ driver license and the MV-285 certificate to a DMV office on your 17th birthday or any following day. Complete form MV-44, and pay the fee of $12.50. You receive a temporary Class D driver license, without a photo, at the office. The DMV mails your Class D photo driver license in approximately two weeks.
You must make the change. If you have an MV-285 certificate and a Class DJ driver license you do not have Class D driving privileges. You must change your driver license from Class DJ to Class D (as described above) in order to get senior driving privileges.
Out-of-state Driver Education courses: Effective September 1, 2005, you cannot get a NYS MV-285 driver education course certificate for completion of a driver education course in another state. NYS does not accept driver education courses attended in other states, and the form MV-285.1 is no longer in use.